The body is a wonderful superb formation which bears witness for God's omnipotence…
Just look at the brain and how it works, its relation with all other organs; if the brain is damaged, no physician can fix it no matter how genius he is!! If we observe the heart and how it works, its relation with the brain, and the relation of each the heart and the brain with life! Or if we watch the precise performance of kidneys or liver, of the nerve system in the human body as well as the organs of digestion, metabolism, blood and the relation of each with the body! we are amazed by the wonders which we observe, and hence we glorify the creator who created the body in such an extraordinary accuracy…
For this reason, medicine was taught during the
old days in theology seminars. because how every
organ operates and the whole science of organs'
function do show the glory of the creator…
In spite what is being said that the body is related
to sin, we do reassure that the body is not a sin in
This is clearly evident. Because if the body was a
sin in itself; God would never found it at the first
place, as God doesn't create in. On the contrary,
when God completed the creation of man "Then God
saw everything that He had made, and indeed it was
very good" (Gn 1:31). Adam and Eve were so simple
and pure when God created them; they are an
example of how God created the very first body…
If the body was in itself a sin; Jesus Christ would
not take a body for Himself, and we would not
venerate the Saints' bodies and build churches on
their remains treating even one of their bones as a
If the body was a sin, the apostle wouldn't say
"Do you not know that your bodies are members of
Christ …Or do you not know that your body is the
temple of the Holy Spirit who is in you" (1 Co 6:15,
19) (1 Co 3:16).
If the body was a sin; it wouldn't be born in
baptism free from sin and sanctified! And the Bible
wouldn't say that "For as many of you as were
baptized into Christ have put on Christ" (Ga 3:27). If
the body was a sin; we wouldn't be able to partake
from the Holy Communion!
If the body was a sin; God wouldn't permit the
resurrection of the body after its death…!
So, why then harsh things were said about
Why did the bible attack the way of living according
to the flesh? It was said "There is therefore now no
condemnation to those who are in Christ Jesus, who
do not walk according to the flesh, but according to
the Spirit" (Ro 8:1)…and why was it said "For to be
carnally minded is death, but to be spiritually minded
is life and peace. Because the carnal mind is enmity
against God" (Ro 8:6, 7).
And why was it also said "So then, those who are
in the flesh cannot please God" (Ro 8:8), and: "For if
you live according to the flesh you will die; but if by
the Spirit you put to death the deeds of the body, you
will live" (Ro 8:13).
St. John the apostle also in his epistle said: "Do
not love the world or the things in the world. If
anyone loves the world, the love of the Father is not
in him. For all that is in the world—the lust of the
flesh, the lust of the eyes, and the pride of life" (1 Jn
What is it about these expressions attacking the
body: the lust of the flesh, deeds of the body, the
carnal mind, living according to the flesh…?
The body is considered to be sinful if it
resists the spirit…
Or if it commits psychologically deviated
kinds of manner…
When the apostle said: "Walk in the Spirit, and
you shall not fulfill the lust of the flesh. For the flesh
lusts against the Spirit and the Spirit against the
flesh; and these are contrary to one another" (Ga
5:16, 17), he is speaking here about the body only if
it resists the spirit and commits sin…
Not every body goes wrong and not all
bodies are resisting the spirits.
The saints had bodies which didn't go wrong, and
didn't resist their spirits. And un-doubtfully there is
bodies which are pure, pious and holy, bodies which
repent and bodies which serve. There are bodies
which were for saints who lived at the optimum
elevated level by sacrificing their own selves.
Jesus Christ said in His mount sermon: "The lamp
of the body is the eye. If therefore your eye is good,
your whole body will be full of light" (Mt 6:22). There
are therefore bodies which are full of light, or could
be full of light…
The problem of the body is its relation with
the material, as the body was made of dust
But the spirit is the breath of life which God
breathed it into that dust…
For that reason, the body has its materialistic
conflicts in which if it wins, God then will glorify it…
And despite that the body is related to the material,
yet it is not necessary that the body is also
materialistic because it can be elevated above the
level of the material if it follows the advice of the
apostle which says" but I discipline my body and
bring it into subjection". That's the point where a
body enters into conflict; if it wins, it will be glorified…
At that point the body is living according to the spirit.
The body has its instincts too, but those instincts
are not in themselves a sin. How easy and how nice is
it when those instincts are utilized in good deeds, but
if they go wrong then the body sins… The body's
instincts are not themselves wrong; only if those
instincts go wrong…
The lust of the flesh means the lust if it deviates
towards materials , but if this lust is moving according
to the leadership of the spirit then those lusts would
become spiritual leading to spiritual deeds…
The body may go wrong. And so does the
The spirit could go wrong alone, and it can
also go wrong drawing the body to follow it.
The spirit do goes wrong, and as an evidence for
that we see that in the absolution of the third hour
prayer we say "purify us from all defilement of body
and spirit", and in the Divine Liturgy prayer we say
"purify our souls, bodies and spirits…", so the spirit
could be defiled and hence it will need to be purified…
The very first sin in the world was a sin of spirit (I
mean Satan). And that's when he said in his heart
"will ascend into heaven, I will exalt my throne above
the stars of God; I will also sit on the mount of the
congregation" (Is 14:13, 14).
And so, pride was a sin of spirit, because Satan is
a spirit and has no body. And so, Satan had fell- as a
spirit- into a sin of a body. As we always say in the
Divine Liturgy Prayer "and death, which entered into
the world through the envy of the devil, You have
destroyed". Satan, as a spirit, fell into the sin of lying
and deceiving when he said to mother Eve "you will
not die…" (Gn 3:4). And God said about Satan that he
is "for he is a liar and the father of it" (Jn 8:44).
The spirits fall into sin alone, and another proof
for that point is the saying of the bible about devils
that they are "evil spirits", "unclean spirits".
When the spirit falls into sin, it usually
draws the body with it into sin.
The soul may commence feeling pride, and then
the spirit draws the body to participate with it, so the
body starts moving or walking with pride or starts
talking with pride and then pride starts to appear in
the features and in the voice.
Do any of us consider that the sin of our very first
fathers was just a sin of the body which was eating
from the forbidden tree?! No, it started as a sin of the
spirit according to the temptation of the serpent
through the lust of divinity and the lust of knowledge
when it said"… For God knows that in the day you eat
of it your eyes will be opened, and you will be like
God, knowing good and evil", and then when this
temptation entered into the spirit "So when the
woman saw that the tree was good for food, that it
was pleasant to the eyes, and a tree desirable to
make one wise, she took of its fruit and ate".
The same goes for Cain, as the sin first started in
his spirit before it drew to it his body as he murdered
his brother Abel (Gn 4).
And the same thing happened when Josef's
brothers envied him and then they threw him into the
well and sold him (Gn 37).
But despite all that; the body could be as
well utilized in making good things:
As when the hands are raised for praying, or
when the knees bend down in bowing, and hence the
body is participating with the spirit in worshipping
The body is sometimes torn of making good
deeds, in visiting others as when Paul the apostle was
doing "in journeys often" "in labors more abundant,
in stripes above measure, in prisons more frequently"
(2 Co 11:26,23). In addition to what his body exerted
of efforts in the service testifying for the Lord as he
said "From the Jews five times I received forty stripes
minus one. Three times I was beaten with rods; once
I was stoned…" (2 Co 11:24, 25).
The body carries out good deeds also by
sacrificing and giving own life, by donating blood or
may be by donating one of the body's organs in a
surgical operation to save someone's life…
In general, body shows the virtues of the soul,
and participates with the soul as well in its virtues…
How beautiful is the phrase said by Paul the
apostle: "glorify God in your body and in your
spirit, which are God’s" (1 Co 6:20).
Let us think practically on how we can glorify God
in our bodies which are God's…with pure bodies which
follows God's will in life.
And if bodies glorify God; then God will glorify it
as well. So how would that be?
Transfiguration of Bodies:
God cares so much for the body that He
made the body transfigures here and in Eternity.
Here, on earth, as what happened with Elijah who
went up into heaven in a chariot of fire, and the three
young men in the furnace of fire whom the fire had
no effect on their bodies.
As for Eternity, bodies will be raised in glory (1 Co
15:43) "conformed to His glorious body" (Phil 4:21) it
is raised a spiritual body not a natural body (1 Co
15:44). If the body is raised this means that it will
If the body was an evil thing; it would be just
enough to get rid of it.
Rather, the body rises from the dead and enjoys
Eternity in Heavenly Jerusalem where "tabernacle of
God is with men" (Rv 21:3), so that is an evidence for
how precious the body is to the extent that it is
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