Peter and Paul
The two Saints Peter and Paul are of the
Holy Church's pillars.
Acts of the Apostles begins with St. Peter's work,
and is then completed with St. Paul's service till the
last verse of the Acts book…
In the missionary work, St. Peter was appointed
to care for the Jews (they of the circumcision); St.
Paul was entrusted with caring for the gentiles (they
of the un- circumcision).
And so St. Paul wrote in his epistle to the
Galatians "the gospel for the uncircumcised had
been committed to me, as the gospel for the
circumcised was to Peter, for He who worked
effectively in Peter for the apostleship to the
circumcised also worked effectively in me toward the
Gentiles" (Ga 2:7, 8).
Then St. Peter preached in Jerusalem, Antioch,
Judaea and Samaria. He also preached for the Jews
who were scattered abroad (Jas1:1). Whereas St.
Paul preached in Cyprus, Asia Minor regions,
Makdonia, Greece, the Arkhabil Islands of Corinth,
Thessalonica, Philippi and reached Rome till the West
side as well.
And because St. Peter was concerned with
preaching for the Jews, he used verses from the
Old Testament and from the Psalms in his
sermons many times and in his epistles.
When the Apostles met to choose Judas Iscariot's
successor, St. Peter said about him " For it is written
in the book of Psalms, Let his habitation be desolate,
and let no man dwell therein: and his bishopric let
And when the Holy Spirit came upon them on
Pentecost, he said" But this is what was spoken by
the prophet Joel: "And it shall come to pass in the last
days, says God, That I will pour out of My Spirit on all
flesh; Your sons and your daughters shall prophesy,
Your young men shall see visions, Your old men shall
dream dreams. And on My menservants and on My
maidservants I will pour out My Spirit in those days;
And they shall prophesy…"
And on the same occasion he used verses from
the book of Psalms and said " For David says
concerning Him (Jesus Christ): “Therefore my heart
rejoiced, and my tongue was glad; moreover my flesh
also will rest in hope. For You will not leave my soul in
Hades, Nor will You allow Your Holy One to see
corruption…". St. Peter explained with proofs that
these verses applies on Jesus Christ… He also proved
it by the saying of David the Prophet " The Lord said
to my Lord, Sit at My right hand, Till I make Your
enemies Your footstool ".
In healing the man lame from his mother's womb
at the gate which was called Beautiful, he said to the
Jews "For Moses truly said to the fathers, "The Lord
your God will raise up for you a Prophet like me from
your brethren. Him you shall hear in all things,
whatever He says to you. And it shall be that every
soul who will not hear that Prophet shall be utterly
destroyed from among the people. Yes, and all the
prophets, from Samuel and those who follow, as
many as have spoken, have also foretold these days.
You are sons of the prophets, and of the covenant
which God made with our fathers, saying to Abraham,
"And in your seed all the families of the earth shall be
St. Peter also in his two epistles quoted verses
from the Old Testament.
On the other hand, St. Paul's epistles were not as
so, only except his epistle to the Hebrews…
Peter the Apostle was one of the Twelve, but
Paul the Apostle was not of the Twelve and was
not of the seventy Apostles (Lk 10).
St. Peter witnessed Jesus Christ during the time
period of is incarnation on earth till His ascension, St.
Peter lived, ate and drank with Jesus; listened to His
teaching and sermons he also saw all His miracles.
But Paul the Apostle, he was persecuting the
church (1 Ti 1:13), and then later on he knew
Jesus Christ and saw Him in visions.
Jesus Christ appeared to Paul on his way to
Damascus as light from Heaven (Ac 9), and appeared
to him at night in Corinth and said to him " Do not be
afraid, but speak, and do not keep silent; for I am
with you, and no one will attack you to hurt you; for I
have many people in this city " (Ac 18:10).
Jesus appeared to him another time when he was
at Jerusalem-praying in the temple- and said to him
"Depart, for I will send you far from here to the
Gentiles " (Ac 22:17, 21).
God appeared to him also on another night and
said to him "Be of good cheer, Paul; for as you have
testified for Me in Jerusalem, so you must also bear
witness at Rome "(Ac 23:11).
We must not also forget that God appeared and
delivered to him the sacrament of the Holy Eucharist
and that's when Paul the Apostle said " For I received
from the Lord that which I also delivered to you: that
the Lord Jesus on the same night in which He was
betrayed took bread; and when He had given thanks,
He broke it and said, "Take, eat; this is My body…" (1
The two saints Peter and Paul the Apostles,
each of them was heavenly called for the
service, and that is why each is named as an
God called St. Peter for the service when he was
with Andrew his brother, while they were fishing, and
said to them "Follow Me, and I will make you fishers
of men " (Mt 4:18, 19).
St. Paul was called three times; those three
times were by the Father, the Son and by the
His call by the Son was on his way to Damascus
when God appeared to him as light from Heaven and
said to him "Saul, Saul, why are you persecuting Me"
(Ac 9:3, 4). Then he asked Ananias to care for Paul
saying to him "For he is a chosen vessel of Mine to
bear My name before Gentiles, kings, and the children
of Israel" (Ac 9:15).
His calling by the Holy Spirit was when the Holy
Spirit said to the fathers "Now separate to Me
Barnabas and Saul for the work to which I have called
them"(Ac 13:2), "Then, having fasted and prayed,
and laid hands on them, they sent them away. So,
being sent out by the Holy Spirit, they went down to
Seleucia…" (Ac 13:3, 4).
As for his calling by the Father, it is apparent in
St. Paul's saying "But when it pleased God, who
separated me from my mother's womb and called me
through His grace, to reveal His Son in me, that I
might preach Him among the Gentiles, I did not
immediately confer with flesh and blood…" (Ga 1:15,
Peter the Apostle was a simple fisherman.
But Paul the Apostle was a philosopher.
Peter the simple fisherman is one of those to who
is applied the saying of the bible that God "But God
has chosen the foolish things of the world to put to
shame the wise, and God has chosen the weak things
of the world to put to shame the things which are
mighty…"(1 Co 1:17) and also the Psalm saying "
There is no speech nor language where their voice is
not heard. Their line has gone out through all the
earth and their words to the end of the world" (Ps
But Paul the Apostle, he was the one educated at
the feet of Gamaliel the famous teacher (Ac 22:3). He
is the one whom Festus the ruler said to him "Paul,
you are beside yourself! Much learning is driving you
mad" (Ac26:24), and Paul replied "I am not mad,
most noble Festus, but speak the words of truth and
Peter the Apostle, besides dogma, he
focused on the sanctity of life. And Paul the
Apostle, besides the sanctity of life, focused on
dogma and theology.
Hence we find Peter the Apostle says "But as He
who called you is holy, you also be holy in all your
conduct, because it is written, "Be holy, for I am holy"
(1 P 1:15, 16). And therefore he also says "Conduct
yourselves throughout the time of your stay here in
fear" (1 P 1:17), and also says "Receiving the end of
your faith--the salvation of your souls"(1 P 1:9), and
says "If the righteous one is scarcely saved, where
will the ungodly and the sinner appear" (1 P 4:18).
On the other hand Paul the Apostle was, on top of
all other issues, explaining the theological dogmas; as
in his elaborated speech about grace and how the
church is the body of Christ, his talk about salvation
through the blood, about the kind of salvation and the
relation between faith versus deeds, he spoke also
about the divine choice, conditions for deserving the
Holy Eucharist, baptism, marriage, some priesthood
ranks, also about spiritual resurrection, being caught
into paradise and also the appearance of antichrist
prior to the resurrection.
Peter the Apostle didn't write a bible nor did Paul
the Apostle; St. Peter though wrote two epistles
whereas St. Paul wrote fourteen epistles.
Both St. Peter and St. Paul raised a dead
person, each one of the two saints worked
miracles which had great influence on spreading
out the Christian faith.
Peter the Apostle raised a Christian disciple her
name was Tabitha at Joppa, this woman was full of
good works and alms deeds which she did; she used
to make coats and garments for the poor girls whom
were weeping after her death; so Peter the Apostle
raised Tabitha from the dead. (Ac 9:36-40).
Paul the Apostle raised a young man named
Eutychus who was sitting in the window during the
sermon so he slept and fell dead, St. Paul raised him
from the dead (Ac 20:9-12).
There are many miracles which were worked
at the hands of St. Peter the Apostle " So that
they brought the sick out into the streets and laid
them on beds and couches that at least the shadow of
Peter passing by might fall on some of them "
"Bringing sick people and those who were tormented
by unclean spirits, and they were all healed" (Ac
As for St. Paul's miracles, it was mentioned in
the Acts of the Apostles: "Do we have no right to take
along a believing wife, as do also the other apostles,
the brothers of the Lord, and Cephas" (Ac 19:12).
St. Peter was married, whereas St. Paul lived
It is obvious that Peter the Apostle was married
as it is written in the bible that Jesus Christ healed
Peter's mother in law who had fever (Mt 8:14, 15).
Paul the Apostle lived in chastity as he stated so
himself in (1 Co 7:8). And said also in the same
epistle "We ought to obey God rather than men" (1
And this shows us that Jesus Christ
welcomes in the service both married persons
and those who are devoted to live in chastity.
On the mount of transfiguration, Moses the
prophet who was married appeared with our Lord as
well as Elijah who lived in chastity (Mk9:4). The Lord
allowed three of His disciples to witness the miracle of
transfiguration among who were Peter who was
married and John who lived in chastity.
Both Saints Peter and Paul exerted much
effort in their ministry and tolerated much as
Both of them departed from life as a martyr.
Peter the Apostle strived with strength against the
Jews' leaders and their chief priests, he said his
famous phrase " We ought to obey God rather than
men " (Ac 5: 29), and with the rest of the twelve he
was beaten with lashes and imprisoned " So they
departed rejoicing that they were counted worthy to
suffer shame for His name"(Ac 5:40, 41).
Paul the Apostle was exposed to various kinds of
persecutions and went through many tribulations… He
and his colleagues were "We are hard-pressed on
every side, yet not crushed; we are perplexed, but
not in despair; persecuted, but not forsaken" "always
delivered to death" (2 Co 4:8-11)."But in all things
approving ourselves as the ministers of God, in much
patience, in afflictions, in necessities, in distresses" (2
Co 6:4, 5).
St. Paul the Apostle explained all the various
difficulties he went through in (1 Co 11:22-28).
Both St. Peter and St. Paul, their life ended
as martyrs on year 67 AD during the reign of
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