Heaven and Heavenly Beings
The Arabic word of Heaven comes from
elevation or highness. And it has levels: The first
heaven is the birds’ sky… and it is where birds and
planes fly. The second heaven is the astronomy
heaven n which he Sun and its surrounding objects
exist. And the third heaven is Paradise to which
St. Paul the apostle was taken (2 Co 12:2, 4),
whether in the body I do not know, or whether out of
the body he does not know, heard inexpressible
words, which it is not lawful for a man to utter…
Above all those there is the heaven of heavens,
which has God’s Throne, surrounded by the seven
Chief Angels, the Cherubim and Seraphim and the
Four Incorporeal Beasts. And no man has been
elevated to it. And the Lord Christ, may He be
glorified said about it “No one has ascended to
heaven but He who came down from heaven, that is,
the Son of Man who is in heaven.” (Jn 3:13).
And we better, while in these holy days, have our
meditations on heaven, our relation to it and our
destiny in it.
When we pray we raise our eyes to above, to
heaven. Why? And we say “Our Father who art in
Heaven”… Although God is everywhere, in Heaven
and in Earth and in what is between them…
But we do so because God, may His name be
blessed, as He has the passion of the fatherhood, He
also has glory greatness and highness. So His
solemnity may always be before our eyes in spite of
our closeness to it in love as children.
And the statement the heavenly Father or your
Father who art in heaven, is repeated many times in
the holy Bible, and we take from it the same
meditation and meaning…
And we find the same sign in the heavenly host
praise on the time the Lord was incarnated when they
said “Glory to God in the highest, And on earth peace,
goodwill toward men” (Lk 2:14). As if they are
emphasizing that He who “made Himself of no
reputation, taking the form of a bondservant, and
coming in the likeness of men” (Phil 2:7), and was
born in a manager… But He has glory in the highest…
Giving is also associated with Heaven. The Lord
says on that:
“Do not lay up for yourselves treasures on earth…
but lay up for yourselves treasures in heaven” (Mt
6:19,20). And here giving is not only offered on Earth
but mostly it is saved in Heaven. It is offered to the
Lord Christ Himself in Heaven. That on which He said:
“for I was hungry and you gave Me food; I was thirsty
and you gave Me drink; I was a stranger and you
took Me in; I was naked and you clothed Me”…And
also said: "Assuredly, I say to you, inasmuch as you
did it to one of the least of these My brethren, you did
it to Me.” (Mt 25:34-40).
And He says about giving in secret: “do not do
your charitable deeds before men, to be seen by
them. Otherwise you have no reward from your
Father in heaven.” (Mt 6:1, 2). But the charitable
deed should be in secret, and your Father who sees in
secret will Himself reward you openly…
And what is the charity deed payback? The Lord
says in Prophet’s Malachi’s Book “If I will not open for
you the windows of heaven And pour out for you such
blessing That there will not be room enough to
receive it” (Ml 3:10).
So the charitable deed is offered to heaven, and
the heavenly Father sees it and rewards on it by
opening for you the windows of heaven and pouring
out for you the heaven’s blessings.
As we should not forget God’s giving to us which
He brought from heaven: Manna and Quails.
_In Hardship _
In hardships we have no place to turn to but
heaven, we resort to it. And regardless of how many
doors are seen shut before us, we remember from the
bible the saying of St. John the divine “I looked, and
behold, a door standing open in heaven” (Rv
This door is that which the Lord said about that it
“opens and no one shuts, and shuts and no one
opens” (Rv 3:7): “I have set before you an open
door, and no one can shut it” (Rv 3:8).
_The Sin _
The sin is also directed to heaven. And so in the
repentance of the lost son he said to his father “I
have sinned against heaven and before you” (Lk
15: 18, 21).
And here we see that sin is too wrongful, because
it is first of all directed to the Heavenly Father: as a
disobedience to Him, free from love and a rejection to
the work of His Holy Spirit. And thus we see that
Prophet David did not say I sinned against Uriah the
Hittite, or against his wife Bathsheba, but he said in
the psalm: “Against You, You only, have I sinned, And
done this evil in Your sight” (Ps 51:4).
Also when the sin was offered to Joseph the
virtuous and he refrained from it he said: “How then
can I do this great wickedness, and sin against God?”
So long as the sin is against God and His Heaven,
then its forgiveness comes from there. And so the
Lord says: “your Father in heaven may also forgive
you your trespasses” (Mk 11:25) and says “there is
joy in the presence of the angels of God over one
sinner who repents.” (Lk 15:10). The heaven that
awaits the repentance of the sinner and helps him do
it of course rejoices his repentance.
_Obedience and Good Deeds_
God wants of us obedience like that which is in
heaven: and so He taught us in the Lord’s prayer to
say “Thy will be done, on earth as it is in heaven”.
That is because God’s will in heaven is done precisely,
quickly and without discussion and it was said about
God’s angels in heaven “Who excel in strength, who
do His word, Heeding the voice of His word.” (Ps
And about good deeds, the Lord said “Let your
light so shine before men, that they may see your
good works and glorify your Father in heaven” (Mt
5:16). So the aim of our good deeds is to glorify our
Father who is in heaven.
But all good deed in its whole is doing the
heavenly Father’s will. And on that the Lord said “For
whoever does the will of My Father in heaven is My
brother and sister and mother” (Mt 12:50) meaning
that he who does it becomes a member of the
And what about the reward of doing good deeds?
The Lord says “Rejoice and be exceedingly glad, for
great is your reward in heaven” (Mt 5:12). And
says on another occasion: “but rather rejoice because
your names are written in heaven.” (Lk 10:20).
_The Keys of Heavenly Kingdom_
It is excessively joyful that God gave the keys to
the Heavenly Kingdom to His Disciples, the saints,
and to whom He trusted on the pasturing His people.
So He did this with His disciple St. Peter (Mt 16:15)
and with the twelve when He told them: “whatever
you bind on earth will be bound in heaven, and
whatever you loose on earth will be loosed in
heaven.” (Mt 18:18).
And He repeated that to them after His
Resurrection as He “He breathed on them, and said to
them, "Receive the Holy Spirit. If you forgive the sins
of any, they are forgiven them; if you retain the sins
of any, they are retained” (Jn 20:22, 23).
But He rebuked the Jews Chiefs who put on
people heavy loads from commandments and told
them “But woe to you… For you shut up the kingdom
of heaven against men; for you neither go in
yourselves, nor do you allow those who are entering
to go in.” (Mt 23:13).
_The Second Coming_
When the Lord Christ Rose to Heaven and while
His disciples were looking at Him, two angels stood by
them in white apparel and told them: “Men of Galilee,
why do you stand gazing up into heaven? This same
Jesus, who was taken up from you into heaven, will
so come in like manner as you saw Him go into
heaven.” (Ac 1:11).
Therefore, we look to the heaven that the Lord
Christ will come from and takes us to Him. The bible
says: “Behold, He is coming with clouds, and every
eye will see Him” (Rv 1:7) and “we who are alive and
remain shall be caught up together with them in the
clouds to meet the Lord in the air. And thus we shall
always be with the Lord” (1 Th 4:17).
Truly, how beautiful is His coming with all the
holy angels with Him (Mt 15:31).
_Where Our Eternal Destiny is_
We care for heaven because it is going to be our
eternal destiny, and that’s why the Lord has talked
many times about the Heavenly Kingdom and gave
many parables in which He said: “The kingdom of
heaven is like…” and many are in (Mt 13, Mt 25).
And St. Paul the Apostle said “For we know that if
our earthly house, this tent, is destroyed, we have a
building from God, a house not made with hands,
eternal in the heavens.” (2 Co 5:1). Here and we say
may Jehovah’s Witnesses and Adventists be ashamed
for asking for an Earthly Kingdom, and that the
redeemed will build in the new earth houses and live
While the bible teaches us that we will live in
Heavenly Jerusalem “the tabernacle of God is with
men” (Rv 21:3).
And this New Heaven “There shall be no night
there: They need no lamp nor light of the sun, for the
Lord God gives them light. And they shall reign
forever and ever.” (Rv 22:5) and “They shall see His
face, and His name shall be on their foreheads” (Rv
|| The Orthodox Faith (Dogma) || Family and Youth || Sermons || Bible Study || Devotional || Spirituals || Fasts & Feasts || Coptics || Religious Education || Monasticism || Seasons || Missiology || Ethics || Ecumenical Relations || Church Music || Pentecost || Miscellaneous || Saints || Church History || Pope Shenouda || Patrology || Canon Law || Lent || Pastoral Theology || Father Matta || Bibles || Iconography || Liturgics || Orthodox Biblical topics || Orthodox articles || St Chrysostom |||| Bible Study || Biblical topics || Bibles || Orthodox Bible Study || Coptic Bible Study || King James Version || New King James Version || Scripture Nuggets || Index of the Parables and Metaphors of Jesus || Index of the Miracles of Jesus || Index of Doctrines || Index of Charts || Index of Maps || Index of Topical Essays || Index of Word Studies || Colored Maps || Index of Biblical names Notes || Old Testament activities for Sunday School kids || New Testament activities for Sunday School kids || Bible Illustrations || Bible short notes
|| Prayer of the First Hour || Third Hour || Sixth Hour || Ninth Hour || Vespers (Eleventh Hour) || Compline (Twelfth Hour) || The First Watch of the midnight prayers || The Second Watch of the midnight prayers || The Third Watch of the midnight prayers || The Prayer of the Veil || Various Prayers from the Agbia || Synaxarium