"But when he, the Spirit of truth, comes, he will guide you into all truth. He will not speak on his own; he will speak only what he hears, and he will tell you what is yet to come.
He will bring glory to me by taking from what is mine and making it known to you."
Father Matta El-Meskeen (Matthew the Poor)
CHRIST HERE DESCRIBES THE HOLY SPIRIT as the spirit of truth. By this he
defines the Holy Spirit as the spirit of all that is essential, the origin and nature of
the things of God. He is of the same divine essence with the Father and the Son, the
essence and truth of God in Himself.
However, a comprehensive definition of the essence is beyond our capability because it
includes truths that cannot be realized by the mind. They are beyond what is comprehensible
to man. They are the truth of God in himself who is absolute spirit, containing all that is
divine while he himself is uncontained. His life is from himself, and he gives life to all that
lives. Analysis of him is only by his own standard for he is self existent and the origin of the
existence of all that is God’s. He formed eternal life which the Father and Son fill by their
presence, and he embraces all the exalted created beings that live with God. He receives the
chosen man to enliven him in the fullness of the life of the Father and Son, so that man
becomes a participant in the divine nature1 and by it lives and enjoys its pleasure. He is the
source of all wisdom and intelligence, giving man the gifts of the highest divine knowledge
from which he receives life and well-being. By him man comprehends the highest
realizations which make of him a spiritual being in his own right, existing by the divine self
in its completeness. He is the one who now fills the Church of God with divine knowledge
to prepare it to be transported high above where by him the Church becomes the fullness that
fills all things. He leads man to the core of truth which is complete in Christ for he gives to us all
that is Christ’s, as if he is not speaking from himself but takes and gives from the
mystery of Christ. In this he can be considered an indescribable spiritual connector,
connecting the spirit of man with the Spirit of Christ. Based on this, and for this
purpose, Christ says ‘You are in me, and I am in you.’2 This is the revelation of the
work of the Holy Spirit, tying together the human and divine beings into one, for the
sake of the Father. The Holy Spirit is indeed the spirit of oneness, able to gather all into
one for the sake of the Father.
The Spirit may reveal his presence within a man by giving him another tongue, a
spiritual tongue that is not understood. However, few are those able to translate the
spiritual tongue, which is a very unique sign of his presence. It is not given to all, but
by the choice of the Spirit himself the new language is poured out on the tongue in an
audible way but that cannot be understood.3
Another of the unique gifts given by the Holy Spirit is that he gives foreknowledge
of things to come. This grace also is given only to a few, and its one purpose is
preparation of the mind and spirit beforehand for the arrival of God and Christ.
The role of the Holy Spirit in the new covenant is to bring glory to Christ in the
world by giving gifts, abilities, tongues and miracles that reveal the truth of Christ and
his saving work. The Spirit is not the only one who testifies for Christ, for God has
given believers the fullness of the Spirit in order to testify also for Christ.
At this point we must remember that the truth cannot be divided, broken up, bound or
contained, rather, it is a being that fills every living thing. When man knows the truth,
every truth becomes known to him. Indeed man becomes a possessor of truth because
the truth cannot be separated from any other truth. The truth of the Son is the truth of the
Father. He who believes in Christ and who has had the spirit of truth opened to him at
the same time obtains Christ, or as stated in the Bible, becomes ‘in him,’ No barrier
prevents him, no obstacle stops him. As Christ says with all clarity, ‘On that day you
will realize that I am in my Father, and you are in me, and I am in you.’4 The one who
gathers all together into one is the Holy Spirit, for the Bible says the Spirit takes what is
Christ’s and declares it to us; he declares it to us so that we may take possession of it.
Christ speaks to his Father saying, ‘Now this is eternal life: that they may know you, the
only true God, and Jesus Christ, whom you have sent.’5 Here the knowledge of the Father and
the Son is itself eternal life, for the Father is truth and the Son is truth and eternal life is
truth. So the one who knows truth knows all truth, and it enters him and becomes his.
July 26, 2005
2 John 14:20.
3 1Cor 14:2.
4 John 14:20.
5 John 17:3.
1 See 2Pet 1:4.
|| The Orthodox Faith (Dogma) || Family and Youth || Sermons || Bible Study || Devotional || Spirituals || Fasts & Feasts || Coptics || Religious Education || Monasticism || Seasons || Missiology || Ethics || Ecumenical Relations || Church Music || Pentecost || Miscellaneous || Saints || Church History || Pope Shenouda || Patrology || Canon Law || Lent || Pastoral Theology || Father Matta || Bibles || Iconography || Liturgics || Orthodox Biblical topics || Orthodox articles || St Chrysostom |||| Bible Study || Biblical topics || Bibles || Orthodox Bible Study || Coptic Bible Study || King James Version || New King James Version || Scripture Nuggets || Index of the Parables and Metaphors of Jesus || Index of the Miracles of Jesus || Index of Doctrines || Index of Charts || Index of Maps || Index of Topical Essays || Index of Word Studies || Colored Maps || Index of Biblical names Notes || Old Testament activities for Sunday School kids || New Testament activities for Sunday School kids || Bible Illustrations || Bible short notes
|| Prayer of the First Hour || Third Hour || Sixth Hour || Ninth Hour || Vespers (Eleventh Hour) || Compline (Twelfth Hour) || The First Watch of the midnight prayers || The Second Watch of the midnight prayers || The Third Watch of the midnight prayers || The Prayer of the Veil || Various Prayers from the Agbia || Synaxarium