Guidance and protection
Messianic act par excellence
The end-time Governor
- someone to REVEAL truth to creatures lost and confused by the darkness of a
world under sin.
there is no vision (revelation) the people perish”
a typical prophetic figure.
- someone to REPRESENT or REDEEM man in his moral guilt and shame.
sins have been a barrier between you and your God.”
a typical priestly figure.
(king) - someone to RULE or guide mankind through life.
were like sheep without a shepherd”
a typical kingly figure.
We are used to viewing leaders as public servants who exist at the bidding of
our self-interests. Jesus as a Servant King which means that we exist for Him
not He for us even though His love for us leads to the ultimate gift of His
ministry can be viewed under these three headings.
(God with us) - PROPHET (REVEALING) -
1. Christ was the Spirit of the Old Testament
Pet.1:10-11 “the prophets ... seeking to know what person or time the
Spirit of Christ within them was indicating as He predicted the sufferings of
Christ and the glories to follow.”
2. Christ functioned as a prophet during His
• Heb.1:1-3a “God, after He spoke
long ago to the fathers in the prophets in many portions and in many ways, in
these last days has spoken to us in His Son,”
• Acts 3:22 “The
Lord God will raise up for you a prophet from your brethren as he raised me up”
• Lk.2:32 “a light to the Gentiles
and the glory of ... Israel”
“This is the prophet Jesus of Nazareth of Galilee”
• Lk.24:19 “a prophet mighty in
deed and word”
• Jn.6:14 The people spoke of
Jesus as "the prophet”
• Jn.1:18 “No one has ever seen
God; the only Son, who is in the bosom of the Father, he has made him known”
• Jn.14:9 “he who has seen Me has
seen the Father”
3. Christ continued to function as a prophet
through His Spirit in the church.
when He, the Spirit of truth, comes, He will guide you into all the truth;”
4. Christ will, at His second coming
(revelation) reveal everything fully -
I Cor.13:12, I Jn.3:2
(Yahweh is salvation) - PRIEST
(RECONCILING) - Heb.1:3b “When He
had made purification of sins, He sat down at the right hand of the Majesty on
his earthly ministry)
at the right hand of God) - Heb.7:25,
2. Empathy -
2:9,18 “For since He Himself was tempted in that which He has
suffered, He is able to come to the aid of those who are tempted.”
- (see notes on ATONEMENT)
might taste death for every one”
Son of man came to give His life a ransom for many”
the fullness of the time came, God sent forth His son, ... in order that He
might redeem those who were under the law”
(the anointed) - POTENTATE (RULING)
“But of the Son He says, 'Thy throne, O God, is forever and ever, and the
righteous scepter is the scepter of His kingdom.”
MYSTERY FORM OF HIS KINGDOM -
a. Christ is ruling in the present.
“He is also head of the body, the church;”
MILLENIAL FORM OF HIS KINGDOM -
a. Christ will rule in the future.
Matt.19:28 “Truly I say to you, that you who have followed Me, in
the regeneration when the Son of Man will sit on His glorious throne, you also
shall sit upon twelve thrones,”
was the model of the new Adam or the perfect human.
His character, values,
view of life, and style of relating set a standard for all humans.
His unique calling as
redeemer, Lord overlays his basic person, the prototype for every person living
in a fallen world. His resurrected body shows us what we can expect in the next
B. His humiliation (“the suffering of Christ” I Pet.1:11) - His
Death (suffering the wrath of God)
1. The major events in the life of Jesus -
2. Flight to Egypt
3. Visit to the Temple
4. John the Baptist
5. Jesus’ baptism
6. Tempted by Satan
7. Changes water to wine
9. The woman at the
10. Chooses the 12
11. Sermon on the Mount
12. His power is ascribed to Satan
13. Feeds 5000
14. Jesus walks on water
16. Peter wants fire
to consume those who reject Jesus.
17. The adulterous
18. Feast of
Tabernacles - "light of the world"
19. The 70 sent out
21. Rich Young Ruler
23. Triumphal Entry
24. The Olivet Discourse
25. The Last Supper
26. The Farewell Discourses
29. Appeared to witnesses
30. Ascended to the
2. The Crucifixion -
a. The Romans perfected crucifixion as a means
of torture. They copied it from the Greeks who learned it from the Persians.
b. While there have been other creative methods
of torture like “drawing and quartering” there has been nothing known to man
that combined social humiliation, prolonged physical pain, and emotional
spiritual anguish like crucifixion.
1. After being sentenced, the condemned person
was flogged with a leather whip loaded with metal or bone.
2. He was then required to shoulder the cross
beam (about 30 lbs.) and carry it to the place of execution.
3. This beam was affixed to the upright stake,
which was already in place at the execution site.
4. Nails about seven inches long with a head (to
keep the body from sliding off) were driven through the hands and feet of the
victim. Sometimes ropes were also used to keep the body on the cross.
5. The Romans had learned to push the feet
upward when they nailed them to the cross so that the victim could lean on the
nail and push himself upward momentarily in order to breathe easier.
6. Death rarely came in less than three days.
Insatiable thirst, pain from scourging, cramps, dizziness, public shame, and
the horror of knowing what lay ahead before the release of death, all combined
to make crucifixion special.
c. A calendar of the events of the last days of
arrives at Bethany (Jn.11:55-12:11)
tree cursed, the temple cleansed (Matt.21:18-19)
discourse on life and death (Jn.12:20-50)
tree found dead (Mtt.21:19-22)
(N THE TEMPLE COURT)
vs. Jesus (Mtt.21:23-22:14)
Pharisees & Herodians vs. Jesus (Matt.22:15-22)
Sadducees vs. Jesus (Matt.22:23-33)
vs. Jesus (Matt.22:34-40)
His enemies (Matt.22:41-46)
exposes His enemies (Matt.23:1-39
DISCOURSE ON THE MOUNT OF OLIVES (Matt.24-25)
predicts His crucifixion (Matt.26:1-5)
anoints Jesus for His crucifixion (Matt.26:6-13)
bargains with the rulers (Matt.26:14-16)
(IN THE UPPER ROOM)
JESUS PREPARES FOR THE
for the paschal meal (Mat.26:17-19)
Jesus washes the disciples feet (Jn.13:1-20)
Judas is exposed (Matt.26:21-25)
Peter is warned (Jn.13:31-38
Jesus institutes the ordinance (Matt.26:26-29)
Jesus’ upper room discourse (Jn.14)
(IN THE GARDEN)
discourse on the way to Gethsemane (Jn.15-16)
intercessory prayer (Jn.17)
the garden to pray (Matt.26:30-46)
(AT THE TRIAL)
before Annas (Jn.18:12-23)
before Caiaphas (Matt.26:57-68)
before the Sanhedrin (Matt.27:1)
his own life (Matt.27:3-10)
before Pilate #1 (Jn.18:28-38)
before Herod Antipas (Lk.23:6-12)
before Pilate #2 (Matt.27:15-26,
mock Jesus (Matt.27:27-30)
to the cross (Matt.27:31-34)
JESUS GIVES HIS LIFE A
RANSOM FOR MANY
The first 3
hours on the cross (Matt.27:35-44,
phenomena at His death (Matt.27:51-56)
are at the tomb (Matt.27:61-66)
JESUS IS RAISED FOR OUR
visit the tomb (Matt.28:1)
is rolled away (Matt.28:2-4)
to the Apostles (Jn.20:2-10)
To Mary (Jn.20:11-18)
other women (Matt.28:9-10)
announcement to the Jewish rulers (Matt.28:11-15)
disciples on the Emmaus road (Lk.24:13-35)
To all the
disciples but Thomas (Jn.20:19-25)
The next Sun.
To Thomas (Jn.20:26-31)
disciples by the Sea of Galilee (Jn.21:1-25)
To 500 (Matt.28:16-20)
After 32 days
THE ASCENSION (Acts 1:9-12
Atonement - (See the notes on CHRIST’S Atonement #511)
descent into hades
APOSTLES’ CREED states - “He descended into hell (hades)”
of the early church fathers affirm this doctrine as did Luther and Calvin but
the lack of clear Biblical evidence has led many to treat the doctrine as
This questionable notion is based upon four obscure texts.
1. Ps.16:10 “For thou dost not give me up to
Sheol, or let thy godly one see the pit”
This text seems to be saying only that death would not have any
permanent power over Jesus.
2. Eph.4:8-10 “When he ascended on high he
led a host of captives, and he gave gifts to men. In dying, ‘He ascended,’ what
does it mean but that he had also descended into the lower parts of the
earth?” The “lower parts of the earth”
may be a reference simply to the incarnation “the lower parts, that is to say,
3. I Pet.3:18-20 “Christ also died for sins
... being put to death in the flesh but made alive in the spirit; in which he
went and preached to the spirits in prison who formerly did not obey, when
God’s patience waited in the days of Noah, during the building of the ark, in
which a few, that is, eight persons, were saved through water.” This text
probably refers to the fact that Christ spoke through Noah (in Noah's day) to
people who are now in the grave. This is
the spirit that Christ is presently working through in the church of our day.
4. I Pet.4:4-6 “For this is why the gospel
was preached even to the dead, that though judged in the flesh like men, they
might live in the spirit like God.” This
is probably a reference to the proclamation of the gospel message either to
persons who had since died or to people who were spiritually dead.
C. His exaltation (“the glories to follow” I Pet.1:11)
Resurrection (See the notes on CHRIST’S
2. His Ascension and session at the Father’s
a. Reasons for the ascension: To set up the
operation of the church in this age. An important part of our understanding of
Acts and the church age has to do with the significance of the ascension where
Christ initiates key elements in the operation of the church.
– He prepares our new place or hope.
– He releases the Spirit to come – comfort, teach, enable, etc.
– He continues His intercession with the Father on our behalf.
- He distributes spiritual gifts to the church.
He sends the power of the Holy Spirit to the church.
1:9-11 – He expresses the love of God for the disciples and the
b. Christ’s session:
“Christ Jesus is He who died, yes, rather who was raised, who is at the
right hand of God, who also intercedes for us.”
- “He always lives to make intercession for them (those who draw near to
3. His Second Coming (See the notes on CHRIST’S RETURN #903)
Questions that you should be able to answer.
1. Specific facts you should know.
evidence outside Scripture bears witness to Jesus’ existence?
b. How did
the OT offices of Messiah relate to human needs?
c. How do
Christ’s names relate to His offices?
part of Jesus’ ministry receives the most attention in the gospels?
2. Issues that you should be able to discuss.
a. What is
the most important work of Christ and why?
b. How does
Jesus relate to us from each of the three offices that He occupies?
Fr. Tadros Malaty