3. Satan’s lie – The heart and Word of God are not to be
Cor.1:3 “but I am afraid, lest as the serpent deceived Eve by his
craftiness, your minds should be let astray form the simplicity and purity of
devotion to Christ.” Satan messes with Eve’s mind. “If you do things God’s way
you will not find life but will be harmed.”
is a liar, and the father of lies.” There are many issues in our day that are
more confusing than they need be because Satan has muddied the water – sexual
ethics (homosexuality), gender distinctives, eternality of hell, exclusivity of
the gospel, blood atonement, resurrection of Jesus, etc.
4. Eve’s choice – common
sense or God’s Word.
a. There seemed to be no good reason (from a
sensual perspective) not to eat of the fruit.
b. Eve puts a subtle spin on the original
command. She says, “you must not touch.” This makes the command seem even more
unreasonable. We can do the same thing by taking God’s Word to extremes (gender
5. Adam’s silence – Adam
participated but does nothing to counter the serpent.
a. In Rom.5:12 Adam is seen as culpable even
though it was Eve that feel at the temptation.
b. Original Sin is tied to this one act of Adam
and Eve. But even though we might find the imputation of Adam’s sin onto us to
be hard to accept, we cannot deny that we have sinned like Eve. We have
protected ourselves with lies, tried to find wholeness in power, sexual
license, and social position, and sought freedom in writing our own rules.
6. The discernment of evil – three indications that we can
– a sense of shame. “Wretched man that I am.” Shame is God’s tool before
repentance and Satan’s after.
– hiding out of fear. The fear of and attempts to avoid moral authority are
increasing characteristics of our culture. This indicates that we are all in
deed sons and daughters of Adam and Eve.
blaming others. “You are more responsible than I am.” When we take the blame we
end the strife.
that “walking in the light” consists of more than knowing evil. It also
consists of knowing the solution to the human dilemma of shame and guilt. I
7. The curses of the Fall have a God ordained purpose.
a. The curses seem to be related to God’s
b. The curses are gender specific.
The curses have a God
The curses came from
God not Satan.
God is not removing His
call on our lives but He is rendering it less joyful and more painful.
The object of this
curse is the Gospel. Rom.8:18-25
a. Our present
suffering is nothing compared to the coming glory. Vs.18
b. Our present
bondage is to showcase our coming freedom. Vs.19-21
c. Our present
groaning sets the stage for our coming redemption. Vs.22-23
d. Our present lack
gives meaning to our coming hope. Vs.24-25
We should respond to
the frustrations of living in a fallen world with wisdom.
Be patient – there will
not e full relief until Christ returns.
Be assured – our
frustration will be overwhelmed by the glory that awaits us.
Be diligent as you wait
– resisting the impulse of the curse by walking in the Spirit of Christ and by
resisting the temptation to find hope in something less than Christ.
8. What ended in the Garden?
a. The good old days ended with the Fall.
The present age of
darkness is initiated.
The Fall was not the
end of all life.
The Fall was not the
end of God’s care.
The Fall was the end of
our access to the tree of life.
4. The age to come
will bring back the tree of life through Christ.
b. Jas.1:13-15 “Let no one say when he is
tempted, ‘I am being tempted by God’; for God cannot be tempted by evil, and He
Himself does not tempt anyone. But each one is tempted when he is carried away and enticed by his own lust. Then when lust
has conceived, it gives birth to sin; and when sin is accomplished, it brings
1. Sin does not originate from God or nature.
2. Sin does originate from human longings.
a. CASUAL LONGINGS - desires for temporal
b. CRITICAL LONGINGS - desires for deep
interpersonal relationships with others.
c. CRUCIAL LONGINGS - desire for reconciliation
and peace with God.
3. Sin is the inner desire of the heart to
satisfy deep human longings apart from God.
Jn.2:16 “For all that is in the
world, the lust of the flesh and the lust of the eyes and the boastful pride of life, is not form
the Father, but is from the world.”
Sin is the misdirection of our natural
enjoy - experiences, things & people can become “the lust of the
acquire and rule over - things & people can become “the lust of the
accomplish or achieve - can become “the pride of life.”
4. In Matt.4:1-11
Jesus models an appropriate response to each of these areas of temptation.
a. Satisfying physical appetites -
Live by the Word of God.
the earth - Bowing down to God alone.
acts of control - Respecting God’s sovereignty.
5. We are convicted of sin in many ways.
a. Our conscience is distorted in two
1. We can be hardened
so as to not recognize sin as sin.
2. We can be
conditioned to guilt over things that are more of this world than the Kingdom.
b. The Body of Christ has an important role in
helping us see our sin.
1. We learn to be
sensitive to sin through the values of our parents.
2. We learn to be
sensitive to sin through the teaching of the Word.
3. We learn to be
sensitive to sin through friends who counsel us.
d. Rom.1:18-32, Sin is man’s willful rejection of God.
“suppress the truth in
“exchanged the glory of the
incorruptible God for an image in the form of corruptible man.”
“exchanged the truth of God
for a lie, and worshipped and served the creature rather than the Creator.”
“they did not see fit to
acknowledge God any longer.”
Sin is something that every person is “under.”
1. In quoting from several Psalms Paul underscores
the fact that “there is none righteous”, “none who does good.”
2. This would suggest that sin is more than just
a deed done. Sin is a state or condition from which we do not escape in this
life of the flesh.
3. We never outgrow our need for grace.
4. An example of this is seen in the Sermon on
the Mount where Jesus applies the law of God to the motives and intentions of
the heart not just to the behavior of the person. Motives are seldom if ever
used for sin in the Bible.
1. Terms emphasizing causes of Sin:
(to not know) AGNOIA - Eph.4:18
“They are darkened in their understanding, alienated from the life of
God because of the IGNORANCE that is in them, due to their hardness of
heart.” (see Eph.4:17-19).
(to miss the mark as a result of being deceived or led astray) PLANOMAI - Rom.1:27 “--- receiving in their own
persons the due penalty of their ERROR.”
(to disobey because of hearing amiss or incorrectly) PARAKOE - Rom.5:19 “through the one man’s DISOBEDIENCE
the many where made sinners,”
2. Terms emphasizing the character of the Sin:
(to miss the mark) AMARTANO - Rom.3:23 “For all have SINNED and fall short
of the glory of God.” (This is the most
common word for “sin” in the N.T. The
Hebrew equivalent, CHATA, is also
the most common O.T. expression for “sin.”)
(to not worship) ASEBEO -
Rom.4:5 “---Him who justifies the UNGODLY.”
(to fail to measure up to the standards of righteousness) ADIKIA - Rom.1:18
“For the wrath of God is revealed from heaven against all ungodliness and
UNRIGHTEOUSNESS of men,”
(to be outside the law generally) ANOMIA - I Jn.3:4 “Every one who practices sin also practices
LAWLESSNESS; and sin is LAWLESSNESS.”
(to violate the Jewish law) PARABAINO - Rom.4:15 “Where there is no law,
there is no TRANSGRESSION.”
(to lack integrity) AWAL - Ps.51:5 “Behold I was brought forth in
INIQUITY and in sin my mother conceived
(to be beyond persuasion) APEITHEO - Eph.2:2 “---of the spirit that is now
working in the sons of DISOBEDIENCE.”
AWAY (to defect) APHISTEMI - I Tim.4:1 “---in later times some will FALL
AWAY from the faith”; APOSTASIA -
Heb.3:12 “---lest there should be in any one of you an evil, unbelieving heart,
in FALLING AWAY from the living God.”;
PARAPTOMA - Heb.6:6 “---and
FALLING AWAY, it is impossible to renew them again”
3. Terms emphasizing results of Sin:
(to be restless) RESHA - Isa.57:20 “But the WICKED are like the tossing
(to be toxic or bad) RA - Jer.42:6 “Whether it is good or EVIL (ADVERSE),
we will obey the voice of the Lord,”
OFFERING (guilt) ASHAM - Isa.53:10
“---shall make His soul an OFFERING FOR SIN.”
CALAMITY (trouble) AVEN - Prov.22:8 “He who sows injustice will reap
How should we view sin?
of the mistakes we can make is to reduce sin to outward behavior and fail to
see the complex nature of our sin as it effects our motives and perspectives.
We are indeed all under sin.
There is need for wisdom to know when to forbear with a sinner, when to
punish or discipline a sinner, and when to forgive and restore a sinner.
Questions that you should be able to answer.
1. Specific facts you should know.
a. What is
a good definition of sin?
texts of Scripture define sin for us?
2. Issues that you should be able to discuss.
a. How is
sin defined outside the Christian faith?
b. How are
we convicted of sin?
c. In what
sense can we expect to control sinful behavior?
d. In what sense is sin something that we will
never be able to control in this life?
3. Issues that you should be wrestling with.
a. How is
sin to be understood in the context of genetic and environmental determinism?
b. How does
personality type effect our understanding of sin?
Fr. Tadros Malaty