By Bishop Mettaous


The commemoration of the Praise includes more saints

then those mentioned in the Commemoration of the Holy

Liturgy, and the church’s aim is to:

1. Follow their lives, their strong faith and love to

God, “Remember those who rule over you, who

have spoken the word of God to you, whose faith

follow, considering the outcome of their

conduct.” (Heb. 13:7),


also “Imitate me, just as I also imitate Christ.” (1 Cor. 11:1)


2. Honour them because they suffered a lot for

God’s Name, Jesus even praised the woman who

poured the fragrant oil on His Head, “Assuredly,

I say to you, wherever this gospel is preached in

the whole world, what this woman has done will

also be told as a memorial to her."’ (Matt.

26:13) as an example to be followed in honouring

His saints.

3. Feel the unity of the struggling church (us) with

the victorious church (in heaven), remembering

the Apostle’s words, “Therefore we also, since

we are surrounded by so great a cloud of

witnesses, let us lay aside every weight, and the

sin which so easily ensnares us, and let us run

with endurance the race that is set before us,

looking unto Jesus, the author and finisher of

our faith, who for the joy that was set before

Him endured the cross, despising the shame, and has sat down at the right hand of the throne

of God” (Heb. 12:1-2).

4. Give us a chance to ask for their intercession and

to know something about their lives, because they

are not dead, “For He is not the God of the dead

but of the living, for all live to Him."” (Luke


We ask intercessions from St. Mary, the angels and St.

John the Baptist, while we ask the power of the prayers

of the rest of the saints.

We notice that there are saints who were not Egyptians,

yet they are united with us in faith and doctrine, which

proves that we are one “In the house of God, which is

the church of the Living God, the pillar of the ground

of truth” (1 Tim. 3:15)

􀀿 􀀿 􀀿

􀂙 [Intercede on our behalf, O Lady of us all,

Mother of God, St. Mary the Mother of our

Saviour, that He may forgive us our sins]

Mary means lady, and the Coptic Orthodox Church

honours St. Mary as the Mother of God “For He has

regarded the lowly state of His maidservant; for behold,

henceforth all generations will call me blessed” (Luke

1:48), exactly the right honour, not exaggerating like

some denominations, nor belittling her like others. She is

the mother of God, the Second Heaven, the Mother of

Light, and the Queen

The Coptic Orthodox Church celebrates her

commemoration five times each year:

1. Her birthday 1 Bashans.

2. Her entrance into the Sanctuary 3 Kiahk.

3. Her departure 21 Toubah, at the year 44 A.D. at

the age of nearly 59.

4. The ascension of her pure body 16 Misra.

5. The building of the first church on her name in

Philippi 21 Baouna.

The church also celebrates her commemoration on the

21st of every Coptic month because many incidents in her

life took place: her departure 21 Toubah, consecration of

her first church 21 Bauouna, the miracle of melting the

iron and saving Matthew the Apostle in 21 Baouna, as

well as the consecration of many other churches for St.

Mary on the 21st Baouna.

A sixth day of celebration now is 2nd April when she

started her apparition in El Zeitoun Church in Egypt.

The story of the wedding at Cane of Galilee reveals the

strong intercession of St. Mary, and it has two main


1. Present our petition before Christ in faith that is

not shaken.

2. If we want our prayers to be answered by the

Lord, we have to carry out His commandments

faithfully, as T. Mary told the servants,

“Whatever he says to you, do it” (John 2:5)

􀂙 [Intercede on our behalf, O holy Archangels,

Michael and Gabriel that He may forgive us our


Michael: a Hebrew name which means “Who is like

God”. Archangel Michael is called Michael because he

loves human beings and fights Satan on behalf of them

(Rev. 12:7). Most Theologians believe that the angels

have one chief angel depending on the following verses:

“Yet Michael the archangel, in contending with the

devil, when he disputed about the body of Moses, dared

not bring against him a reviling accusation, but said,

“The Lord rebuke you.” (Jude: 9), also “At that time

Michael shall stand up, the great prince who stands

watch over the sons of your people.”(Dan. 12:1), “And

war broke out in heaven: Michael and his angels fought

with the dragon; and the dragon and his angels fought”

(Rev. 12:7). There are many other archangels for

specific groups, but Archangel Michael is a general


The church celebrates Archangel Michael on 12 Hatour

and 12 Baouna, also on the 12th of every Coptic month.

May the blessings of his prayers be with us. Amen.

Gabriel: a Hebrew word which means ‘the man of God’,

or ‘the Might of God’ because he informs us about the

mighty works of God and His great deeds with us. The

church calls him the ‘Announcer’ as he was the angel

who brought the Annunciation to St. Mary about

conceiving Lord Jesus the Logos in her womb.

The church celebrates Archangel Gabriel on 13th Hatour,

22 Kiahk, 30 Baramhat and 13 Baouna.

􀂙 [Intercede on our behalf, O holy Archangels

Raphael and Sourial that He may forgive us our


Raphael: a Hebrew name which means the compassion

of God. He healed Tobiath’s eyes, regaining his money

and helping Tobit his son getting married.

The church celebrates his commemoration on 3 Nesi,

when his church was built and consecrated by Pope

Theophilus the 23rd.

Sourial: a Hebrew name which means the “blower of

God’, the church celebrates him on 27 Tubah, and it is

written: [On this day the church celebrates Archangel

Sourial, who announced the salvation to Adam and saved

Joseph the Righteous from the Egyptian woman.

􀂙 [Intercede on our behalf holy archangels

Sadakiel, Sarathiel, and Ananiel, that He may

forgive us our sins].

These archangels are chief angels above some other

angels, under the general chief Archangel Michael.

􀂙 [Intercede on our behalf O Thrones,

Dominions, Powers, the Cherubim and the

Seraphim, that He may forgive us our sins]

These are the names of 5 great ranks of angels, they are

so sublime in their light and power, as well as being so

close to God.

The Thrones: they are the angels forming the glorious

chairs of the Divine Might.

The Dominions: The spirits that have dominions on

people and angels in less ranks.

The Powers: the angels whom God have granted great

powers to perform miracles.

The Cherubim: mean the angels with great knowledge

and wisdom. The singular is Cherub.

The Seraphim: mean the angels blazing with fire. The

singular is Seraph.

The Cherubim are described as ‘full of eyes’ and the

Seraphim ”with wings’, glorifying God without ceasing.

􀂙 [Intercede on our behalf O four incorporeal

beasts, the ministers fervent as fire, that He may

forgive us our sins]

They are the rank of Thrones, carrying the throne of God,

“Before the throne there was a sea of glass, like crystal.

And in the midst of the throne, and around the throne,

were four living creatures full of eyes in front and in

back.” (Rev. 4:6) also, “And above the firmament over

their heads was the likeness of a throne, in appearance

like a sapphire stone; on the likenessof the throne was

al ikeness with the appearance of a man high above it.”

(Ezek.1: 26)

The church celebrates their commemoration on 8 Hatour.

􀂙 [Intercede on our behalf O Priest of the truth,

the twenty four Presbyters, that He may forgive us

our sins]

These luminous priests are a spiritual rank, surrounding

the Throne of God, interceding for humankind, offering

God the prayers of the saints as incense coming out from

the censers, which they are carrying. Each one of them

has a violin with which he praises the Lord without

ceasing. All the angels and heavenly hosts are standing

around God’s Throne, but these presbyters are sitting on

chairs of light, carrying golden censers, and violins,

bowing and worshipping in front of the True Lamb,

asking forgiveness for human kind.

The church celebrates their commemoration on 24


􀂙 [Intercede on our behalf O Angelic hosts and all

the Heavenly multitudes before the Lord, that He

may forgive us our sins]

Here, we are asking the intercession of the 9 heavenly

hosts altogether:

1. The Cherubim

2. The Seraphim

3. The Thrones

4. The Dominions

5. The Multitudes

6. The Authorities

7. The Powers

8. The Archangels

9. The Angels

The 10th rank are the saints who won victory on earth and

after their departure they inherit the Heavenly Kingdom,

being with the heavenly hosts, praising the Lord

continuously as well as interceding on our behalf before

the Throne of Grace.

There are a whole lot of different jobs delegated by God

to these heavenly hosts such as: praying of the depressed

people, serving the saints, guarding the believers,

carrying the souls of the departed, fighting and defeating

the devils, because as it is written in the Holy Bible, “Are

they not all ministering spirits sent forth to minister for

those who will inherit salvation?” (Heb. 1:14)

􀂙 [Pray to the Lord on our behalf, our masters

and fathers the Patriarchs Abraham, Isaac and


Abraham: a Hebrew name which means a father to a

multitude of nations (Gen. 17:5).

Abraham is the great father of fathers, the example of

complete obedience, called the friend of God. He was

born in Or, his father was Tareh, this country used to

worship idols, so the Lord ordered him “Now the LORD

had said to Abram: "Get out of your country, from your

family and from your father's house, to a land that Iwill show you. I will make you a great nation; I will

bless you and make your name great; and you shall be a

blessing. I will bless those who bless you, and I will

curse him who curses you; and in you all the families of

the earth shall be blessed” (Gen. 12:1-3). Abraham

was 75 years old when he obeyed the Lord and went out

of his country. He obeyed the Lord all his life, especially

when he was ordered to offer his son Isaac as a sacrifice.

He died at the age of 175.

Isaac: a Hebrew name means ‘laughter’. He is one of

the three great Patriarchs, he is the son of Promise. He

also obeyed his father Abraham when he was tied up and

put on the altar as a sacrifice, symbolising Jesus Christ

Who obeyed His Father till the cross.

He died at the age of 180.

Jacob: a Hebrew name which means ‘catching the heel’.

He is the father of the 12 tribes of Israel, he suffered lots

of troubles and temptations. He lived for 17 years in

Egypt when his beloved son Joseph was the Prime

Minister there, he died at the age of 174.

The church celebrates their commemoration on 28 Misra.

􀂙 [Pray to the Lord on our behalf, O perfect man,

the righteous and the just Enoch, that He may

forgive us our sins] Enoch: a Hebrew name, which means ‘consecrated’ or

‘experienced’. The church gives three titles to this great

man: perfect, righteous, pious.

He is Enoch about whom the Holy Bible wrote: “And

Enoch walked with God; and he was not found, for God

took him.” (Gen. 5:24). God took him, meaning he was

taken alive, and he will come back with Elijah, fight the

false Christ and then die.

He lived for 356 years before God took him.

􀂙 [Pray for the Lord on our behalf, O Elijah the

Tishbite and his disciple Elisha, that He may

forgive us our sins]

Elijah: a Hebrew name, which means ‘My God is

Jehovah’, the Greek word for this name is Elias. He is

called the ‘fiery prophet’ because of his zeal for

worshipping the true God, and his hatred to worshipping

the idols, which was common in Israel at the time of the

cruel queen Jezebel. He had a great intimacy with the

Lord, he prayed not to rain and it didn’t for 3 ½ years,

then after killing the prophets of the Baal at Mount

Carmel, he prayed and it rained. Elijah was taken to

heaven alive in a chariot of fire, the church celebrates this

event on 6 Tubah.

Elisha: a Hebrew name which means ‘God is salvation’.

He followed Elijah as a prophet, and the Lord performed

many miracles through him, even after his death, “So it

was, as they were burying a man, that suddenly they spied a band of raiders; and they put the man in the

tomb of Elisha; and when the man was let down and

touched the bones of Elisha, he revived and stood on his

feet.” (2 Kings 13:21). History records that Elisha’s

body, together with St. John the Baptist’s body were

transferred to Egypt. When St. Makarious – the Bishop

of Edko martyrised – he was buried with them, and at

that time some miracles were performed from their

bodies, some of which were:

A Mute Boy Speaks:

When they were placing St. Makarious’ body next to St.

Elisha and St. John the Baptist, there was a mute boy 12

years old who saw St. Elisha the Prophet and St. John the

Baptist embracing St. Makarious, so the boy spoke and

shouted [Look dad, these two men are embracing the

man who was martyrised, they are telling him: welcome

our brother, come and rest with us in peace]. All the

people present witnessed the miracle and glorified the


Healing the Paralysed:

A paralysed person was creeping amongst the crowd

asking for a charity, and accidentally he was pushed on

the bodies, so he immediately stood up and started

running everywhere and glorifying the Lord.

The church celebrates the commemoration of Elisha the

Prophet on 11 Hatour. 􀂙 [Pray for the Lord on our behalf O Moses the

Archprophet and Isaiah and Jeremiah that He

may forgive us our sins]

These three prophets are considered the greatest among

the prophets of Israel concerning the pouring of the spirit

of prophecy on them remarkably. Moses wrote the first

five books of the Old Testament, 187 chapters, Isaiah

wrote his book, 66 chapters and Jeremiah wrote his book

52 chapters and Lamentations 5 chapters.

Moses: A Hebrew name which means ‘taken from

water’. He is the Archprophet who used to talk to God a

lot. Brought up in Pharaoh’s house, he delivered the

children of Israel from the slavery of Egypt. He led them

40 years in the wilderness tolerating their murmuring and

weaknesses. He died at the age of 120 years, “Then

Moses went up from the plains of Moab to Mount Nebo,

to the top of Pisgah, which is across from Jericho. And

the Lord showed him all the land of Gilead as far as

Dan, all Naphtali and the land of Ephraim and

Manasseh, all the land of Judah as far as the Western

Sea, the South, and the plain of the Valley of Jericho,

the city of palm trees, as far as Zoar. Then the Lord said

to him, "This is the land of which I swore to give

Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob, saying, "I will give it to

your descendants.' I have caused you to see it with your

eyes, but you shall not cross over there."

So Moses the servant of the Lord died there in the land

of Moab, according to the word of the Lord. And He

buried him in a valley in the land of Moab, opposite

Beth Peor; but no one knows his grave to this day. Moses was one hundred and twenty years old when he

died. His eyes were not dim nor his natural vigour

diminished. And the children of Israel wept for Moses

in the plains of Moab thirty days. So the days of

weeping and mourning for Moses ended.” (Deut. 34:1-


The church celebrates his commemoration on 8 Tut.

Isaiah: a Hebrew name, which means ‘God Saves’. He

was Isaiah the Son of Amos, who prophesied at the era of

5 kings of Judah about matters concerning Jerusalem, the

glory of eternal life, the birth of Jesus Christ, His

suffering and Crucifixion, as if he could see the entire

incidents in details. That is why he is called the

‘Evangelist Prophet’. Manasseh the king cut his body in

two with a wooden saw, and the church celebrates his

commemoration on 6 Tut.

Jeremiah: a Hebrew name which means ‘God

establishes’. He started his prophecy at the age of 15,

according to the Divine order, “Before I formed you in

the womb I knew you; before you were born I sanctified

you; I ordained you a prophet to the nations.” (Jer.

1:5). He used to rebuke the people of Jerusalem for

disobeying the Lord. He prophesied about the coming of

Lord Jesus and His sufferings. He was martyred in

Egypt when the Jews stoned him, the church celebrates

his commemoration on 5 Bashans.

􀂙 [Pray for the Lord on our behalf O David the

Psalmist, Ezekiel and Daniel, that He may forgive

us our sins]

David: a Hebrew name which means ‘beloved’. He is

the second king of Israel, born in Bethlehem Ephratha

from the tribe of Judah. In his youth he killed a lion and

a bear, he was strong and courageous. He killed Goliath

the Palestinian and waived away the shame of his people.

Samuel the Prophet anointed him as a king replacing king

Saul, whom the Lord had rejected. Saul chased David a

lot to kill him, but God saved him. God praised him by

saying, “And when He had removed him, He raised up

for them David as king, to whom also He gave

testimony and said, "I have found David the son of

Jesse, a man after My own heart, who will do all My

will.” (Acts 13:22).

Our Lord Jesus Christ came from his generation, He is

considered the sweet psalmist of Israel, “Now these are

the last words of David. Thus says David the son of

Jesse; thus says the man raised up on high, the

anointed of the God of Jacob, and the sweet psalmist of

Israel:” (2 Sam. 23:1), he was so talented in music (1

Sam.16: 18-23) and he orgainzied the service of singing

and praising in the house of God.

His psalms are full of prophecies about the birth of Lord

Jesus, His Crucifixion, Resurrection, Ascension and

sitting at the Right Hand of the Father.

He died at the age of 70.

The church celebrates his commemoration on 23 Kiahk.

Ezekiel: a Hebrew name which means ‘God gives

strength’. He is from a priestly tribe (Ez. 1:3). He

prophesied about the perpetual virginity of St. Mary,

“And the Lord said to me, "This gate shall be shut; it

shall not be opened, and no man shall enter by it,

because the Lord God of Israel has entered by it;

therefore it shall be shut. As for the prince, because he

is the prince, he may sit in it to eat bread before the

Lord; he shall enter by way of the vestibule of the

gateway, and go out the same way.”

(Ez. 44:2-3). His book contains 48 chapters. When he

rebuked the children of Israel for worshipping the idols,

they killed him.

The church celebrates his commemoration on 5


Daniel: a Hebrew name, which means ‘God Judges’. He

was born in Jerusalem of a noble family, and was

captured with the Three Young Saints to Babylon. The

four of them were chosen to serve in the king’s palace.

God granted Daniel a Divine wisdom, he explained king

Nebuchadnezzar’s dream, so the king appointed him as

the ruler of Babylon. His enemies informed the king

that Daniel and his three friends did not worship the

golden statue, and so he was thrown in the lion’s den,

where he was saved through the power of the Lord.

He prophesied about the destruction of Jerusalem and the

coming of Jesus Christ. His book consists of 12 chapters

and the Protestants deleted the last three chapters, but

they are written in the Apocryphal Book, and in the Non

Protestant editions of the Holy Bible.

He was buried in Babylon.

The church celebrates his commemoration on 23


􀂙 [Pray to the Lord on our behalf Joachim, Anna

and Joseph the elder and the righteous Job,

Joseph and Nicodemus that He may forgive us our


Joachim: a Hebrew name which means ‘God revives’.

He is the righteous Joachim the father of St. Mary the

Mother of God, from Judah’s tribe. His wife Anna was

barren, and through their pleading together, the Lord

responded and granted them the sweet fruit St. Mary.

The church celebrates his commemoration on 7


Anna: a Hebrew name which means ‘grace and

kindness’. Born in Bethlehem of the tribe of Judah.

Since her early childhood, the grace of God overflowed

her, she was wise, kind, chastise and praying all the time.

As she was barren, she kept pleading the Lord to remove

this shame and He accepted her prayers.

When St. Mary was 3 years old, Anna offered her to the


The church celebrates her commemoration on 11 Hatour.

Joseph the Elder: A Hebrew name, which means

‘increase’. He is the righteous Joseph who deserved to

be called the father of Jesus by the body, the Bible

witnesses that he was righteous, “Then Joseph her

husband, being a just man, and not wanting to make

her a public example, was minded to put her away

secretly” (Matt. 1:19)

He was from the tribe of Judah, and because of his

righteousness God chose him to be the fiancé of the pure

Virgin St. Mary, “Then Joseph her husband, being a

just man, and not wanting to make her a public

example, was minded to put her away secretly. But

while he thought about these things, behold, an angel of

the Lord appeared to him in a dream, saying, "Joseph,

son of David, do not be afraid to take to you Mary your

wife, for that which is conceived in her is of the Holy

Spirit. And she will bring forth a Son, and you shall call

His name JESUS, for He will save His people from

their sins.” (Matt. 1: 19-21)

Joseph accompanied Lord Jesus and St. Mary in their

journey to Egypt, then coming back to Jerusalem. He

departed when Lord Jesus was 16 years old.

The church celebrates his commemoration on 26 Abib.

Job the Righteous: Job means repentant. He is a

descendant of Sam, Noah’s son’s generation. The Holy

Bible witnesses for Job that he was, “There was a man

in the land of Uz, whose name was Job; and that man

was blameless and upright, and one who feared God

and shunned evil.” (Job 1:1)

He lived a long time before the establishment of the

Christian law, yet St. Paul’s words were fulfilled in his

personality, “for when Gentiles, who do not have the

law, by nature do the things in the law, these, although

not having the law, are a law to themselves, who show

the work of the law written in their hearts, their

conscience also bearing witness, and between

themselves their thoughts accusing or else excusing

them.” (Rom. 2:14-15).

He was so rich, “Also, his possessions were seven

thousand sheep, three thousand camels, five hundred

yoke of oxen, five hundred female donkeys, and a very

large household, so that this man was the greatest of all

the people of the East” (Job 1:3), and he used to offer

sacrifices on behalf of his children, “So it was, when the

days of feasting had run their course, that Job would

send and sanctify them, and he would rise early in the

morning and offer burnt offerings according to the

number of them all. Thus Job did regularly. For Job

said, "It may be that my sons have sinned and cursed

God in their hearts.” (Job. 1:5).

Job prophesied about the coming of Lord Jesus Christ,

“For I know that my Redeemer lives, and He shall stand at last on the earth;” (Job 19:25), also he believed

in eternity and life after death, “And after my skin is

destroyed, this I know, that in my flesh I shall see God”

(Job 19:26).

Job had many virtues, some of which were:

1. Chastity:

People in his generation never cared about chastity,

although they knew that impurity was the reason for

the flood. Yet, Job the Righteous was a chastise

person, as he says, “I have made a covenant with my

eyes; why then should I look upon a young

woman?” (Job 31:1), also “If my heart has been

enticed by a woman, or if I have lurked at my

neighbour’s door, then let my wife grind for

another, and let others bow down over her. For that

would be wickedness; yes, it would be iniquity

deserving of judgment. For that would be a fire that

consumes to destruction, and would root out all my

increase.” (Job 31:9-12)

2. Uprightness and Clearness:

He was a straightforward man in dealing with others

“If I have walked with falsehood, or if my foot has

hastened to deceit, Let me be weighed on honest

scales, that God may know my integrity. If my step

has turned from the way, or my heart walked after

my eyes, or if any spot adheres to my hands, Then

let me sow, and another eat; yes, let my harvest be

rooted out.” (Job 31:5-8), also, “Oh, that I had one

to hear me! Here is my mark. Oh, that the Almighty

would answer me, that my Prosecutor had written a

book! Surely I would carry it on my shoulder, and

bind it on me like a crown;” (Job 31:35-36)

3. Kindness and Compassion:

“Have I not wept for him who was in trouble? Has

not my soul grieved for the poor?” (Job 30:25), “If I

have rejoiced at the destruction of him who hated

me, or lifted myself up when evil found him. Indeed

I have not allowed my mouth to sin by asking for a

curse on his soul” (Job 31:29-30)

4. Merciful to the Poor and Needy:

“If I have despised the cause of my male or female

servant when they complained against me, what

then shall I do when God rises up? When He

punishes, how shall I answer Him?” (Job 31:13-14),

“For that would be wickedness; Yes, it would be

iniquity deserving of judgment. For that would be a

fire that consumes to destruction, and would root

out all my increase. If I have despised the cause of

my male or female servant when they complained

against me, What then shall I do when God rises

up? When He punishes, how shall I answer Him?

Did not He who made me in the womb make them?

Did not the same One fashion us in the womb? "If I

have kept the poor from their desire, or caused the

eyes of the widow to fail, Or eaten my morsel by

myself, so that the fatherless could not eat of it (But

from my youth I reared him as a father, and from

my mother's womb I guided the widow); If I have

seen anyone perish for lack of clothing, or any poorman without covering; If his heart has not blessed

me, and if he was not warmed with the fleece of my

sheep; If I have raised my hand against the

fatherless, when I saw I had help in the gate; Then

let my arm fall from my shoulder, let my arm be

torn from the socket. For destruction from God is a

terror to me, and because of His magnificence I

cannot endure” (Job 31:11-23), “If the men of my

tent have not said, "Who is there that has not been

satisfied with his meat?' (But no sojourner had to

lodge in the street, for I have opened my doors to the

traveller);” (Job 31:31-32)

5. Worshipping God:

Job insisted on worshipping God although idolaters

were everywhere during his time, “If I have observed

the sun when it shines, or the moon moving in

brightness, So that my heart has been secretly

enticed, and my mouth has kissed my hand; This

also would be an iniquity deserving of judgment, for

I would have denied God who is above.” (Job 31:26-


6. Total submission to the Lord, although he was

very rich:

“If I have made gold my hope, or said to fine gold,

"You are my confidence'; If I have rejoiced because

my wealth was great, and because my hand had

gained much;” (Job 31:24-25)

7. Living a continuous life of repentance:

“If I have covered my transgressions as Adam, by

hiding my iniquity in my bosom” (Job 31:33), “I

would declare to Him the number of my steps; like a

prince I would approach Him” (Job 31:37)

8. Courage:

“Because I feared the great multitude, and dreaded

the contempt of families, so that I kept silence and

did not go out of the door?” (Job 31:34)

When Satan saw that he was so righteous, “Then the

Lord said to Satan, "Have you considered My servant

Job, that there is none like him on the earth, a

blameless and upright man, one who fears God and

shuns evil?” (Job 1:8), he asked God’s permission to

tempt Job in his wealth, children and health, and God

allowed Satan to do so for the following reasons:

a. God noticed that there were some thorns of self

righteousness growing in Job’s heart (Job 32:1),

and because of God’s great love He didn’t want

Job to get destroyed by this sin in spite of his

many virtues, so God allowed these temptations

to purify Job.

God’s plan succeeded extremely, Job was so

humble at the end and said, “Then Job answered

the Lord and said: "I know that You can do

everything, and that no purpose of Yours can be

withheld from You. You asked, "Who is this who

hides counsel without knowledge?' Therefore I

have uttered what I did not understand, things too wonderful for me, which I did not know.

Listen, please, and let me speak; You said, "I

will question you, and you shall answer Me.’ "I

have heard of You by the hearing of the ear, but

now my eye sees You. Therefore I abhor myself,

and repent in dust and ashes.” (Job 42:1-6)

b. God knew how honest and strong Job was in his

faith, thus, such a temptation will make him

glitter and keep fast hold of the Lord stronger

than before, as well as the great reward awaiting


c. To make of Job an ideal example of patience and

tolerance, as St. James says, “But let patience

have its perfect work, that you may be perfect

and complete, lacking nothing” (James 1:4). He

mentioned Job as an example to follow in

patience and tolerance “My brethren, take the

prophets, who spoke in the name of the Lord, as

an example of suffering and patience. Indeed we

count them blessed who endure. You have heard

of the perseverance of Job and seen the end

intended by the Lord--that the Lord is very

compassionate and merciful.” (James 5:10:11)

This temptation revealed other hidden virtues in Job:

1. Tolerating poverty after being so rich:

He even rebuked his complaining wife saying,

“But he said to her, "You speak as one of the

foolish women speaks. Shall we indeed accept

good from God, and shall we not accept adversity?" In all this Job did not sin with his

lips” (Job 2:10). He used to bless the Lord,

“And he said: "Naked I came from my mother's

womb, and naked shall I return there. The Lord

gave, and the Lord has taken away; blessed be

the name of the Lord." In all this Job did not sin

nor charge God with wrong” (Job 1:21-22)!!

2. Tolerating the physical pain:

“So Satan went out from the presence of the

Lord, and struck Job with painful boils from the

sole of his foot to the crown of his head. And he

took for himself a potsherd with which to scrape

himself while he sat in the midst of the ashes.”

(Job 2:7-8), yet he said, “Man decays like a

rotten thing, like a garment that is moth-eaten”

(Job 13:28)

His countenance was completely different that

when his friends came to him, “And when they

raised their eyes from afar, and did not

recognize him, they lifted their voices and wept;

and each one tore his robe and sprinkled dust on

his head toward heaven. So they sat down with

him on the ground seven days and seven nights,

and no one spoke a word to him, for they saw

that his grief was very great.” (Job 2:12-13)

3. Tolerating the death of all his children:

Job’s virtues in this calamity was obvious, he lost

his seven sons and three daughters on the same day, not as a result of normal death incident for

one or two, but because of a Satanic plan.

4. Tolerating others mocking him:

All his relatives and friends abandoned him, he

tolerated this and rebuked them, “Then Job

answered and said; How long will you torment

my soul, and break me in pieces with words?”

(Job 19:1). He expressed his psychological pains

because of others, “My relatives have failed, and

my close friends have forgotten me. Those who

dwell in my house, and my maidservants, count

me as a stranger; I am an alien in their sight. I

call my servant, but he gives no answer; I beg

him with my mouth.” (Job 19:14-16)

5. The horrors of nighttime:

If a sick or tired person sleeps at night, he gets

refreshed in the morning, but Job never found rest

at night “Then You scare me with dreams and

terrify me with visions,” (Job 7:14).

At the end of the temptation God blessed and rewarded

Job in wealth and in his children, “He also had seven

sons and three daughters. And he called the name of the

first Jerimah, the name of the second Keziah, and the

name of the third Keren-Happuch.” (Job 42:13-14),

then, “After this Job lived one hundred and forty years,

and saw his children and grandchildren for four

generations. So Job died, old and full of days” (Job


The church celebrates his commemoration on 2 Bashans.

Joseph of Arimathea

Joseph of Arimathea was a rich man, it is mentioned

about him, “Now behold, there was a man named

Joseph, a council member, a good and just man”. (Luke

23:50), also “Now when evening had come, there came

a rich man from Arimathea, named Joseph, who

himself had also become a disciple of Jesus.” (Matt.


He was also a disciple of Jesus “After this, Joseph of

Arimathea, being a disciple of Jesus, but secretly, for

fear of the Jews, asked Pilate that he might take away

the body of Jesus, and Pilate gave him permission. So

he came and took the body of Jesus”. (John 19:38),

when they arrested Jesus “He had not consented to their

decision and deed. He was from Arimathea, a city of

the Jews, who himself was also waiting for the kingdom

of God”. (Luke 23:51).

His relation and love to Jesus was hidden, until it was

revealed on the cross, when he dared to ask for Jesus’

Body to bury Him. “So when he found out from the

centurion, he granted the body to Joseph”. (Mark

15:45), “and laid it in his new tomb which he had hewn

out of the rock, and he rolled a large stone against the

door of the tomb, and departed.” (Matt. 27:60), “then

he took it down, wrapped it in linen, and laid it in a

tomb that was hewn out of the rock, where no one had

ever lain before.” (Luke 23:53)

It is taken for granted that this man believed and was

baptised and gained eternal life.

May the blessings of his prayers be with us. Amen.


A Greek name which means a ‘noble man’

He was a Pharisee, Chief Priest, and a member of the

Synhadrim Council. The Holy Bible describes him as “a

ruler of the Jews.” (John 3:1). He came to Jesus by

night and talked with Him about the spiritual second

birth, he was convinced and admired Lord Jesus. He

defended Jesus when the Pharisees attacked Him “Does

our law judge a man before it hears him and knows

what he is doing?” (John 7:51). His love to Lord Jesus

was clear when he shared Joseph in shrouding and

burying Jesus “And Nicodemus, who at first came to

Jesus by night, also came, bringing a mixture of myrrh

and aloes, about a hundred pounds” (John 19:39),

which showed that he was very rich.

It is said that while Joseph and Nicodemus were burying

the Lord Jesus, they heard angels from heaven singing

“Holy God, Holy Mighty, Holy Eternal” and they were

completing the praise with “who was crucified for our

sake, have mercy upon us”

May the blessings of their prayers be with us all. Amen.

􀂙 [Pray to the Lord on our behalf O Melchizedek

and Aaron, and Zachariah and Simeon that


Melchizedek means the King of righteousness, and

there’s an interesting story about him:

When Jared the son of Mahalaeel, the sixth of Adam’s

generation was close to death, he called Enoch his son

and Methusaleh, Enoch’s son and said to them, “I know

that soon you will leave this place, so whenever you

depart, take the body of Adam our father with you,

together with these three oblations, gold, incense and

frankincense. Command your son to bury Adam in the

middle spot of the whole world, let him consecrate one of

his children to be a hermit for all his life, not to get

married, or kill, or offer blood-sacrifices, but just

sacrifices of water and wine, because from this spot the

salvation of Adam will burst (referring to the prophecy of

crucifying our Lord Jesus on Mount Golgotha). He will

wear tiger’s skin as his clothes, never shaves or trim his

nails, and he’ll be the Priest of God the Most High.

When God ordered Noah to build the Ark to be saved

from the flood, Noah, took Adam’s body and the

oblations with him in the Ark. After landing on Mount

Ararat, Noah asked his son Shem, together with

Melchizedek to take Adam’s body and bury it in the

middle spot of the earth. He asked Melchizedek not to

get married because the Lord had chosen him to serve

Him, not to build a house for himself, or kill, or offer a

blood sacrifice but his offerings should of water and

wine, to wear clothes made of tiger’s skin, not to shave his head or trim his nails, and he’ll be the only High

Priest for God the Most High.

Shem did exactly what his father Noah asked him,

together with Melchizedek, the angel of the Lord

appeared to them and showed them where to bury Adam,

and that was the Golgotha. So Melchizedek was one of

Shem’s grandchildren.

Melchizedek lived as a hermit in the woods around

Jerusalem, when people knew about his piety, they used

to offer him presents and offerings, yet he never accepted

any, so they built an altar on top of Adam’s tomb, then

they built a city called ‘Salem” which means ‘Peace’,

which was later renamed ‘Jerusalem’ which means ‘The

light of Peace’. Melchizedek was the one who blessed

Abraham after returning from the defeat of Chedorlaomer

Then Melchizedek King of Salem brought out bread

and wine, he was the priest of God Most High and he

blessed him and said ‘Blessed be Abram of God Most

High. Possessor of heaven and earth; and blessed be

God Most High, who has delivered your enemies into

your hand”. (Gen. 14:18-20)

Melchizedek the priest and king is a symbol of Lord

Jesus the King of kings, the Lord of lords and Chief


In Hebrew 7:3 it is mentioned about Melchizedek:

1. “Without father, without mother, without

genealogy” which means that the priesthood of Melchizedek was not inherited from his father or

grandparents, as was the case in the tribe of Levi,

where the priesthood was only restricted to the

generation of Aaron the Priest, Moses’ brother.

This is assured by St. Paul’s word, “without

genealogy” i.e. his priesthood was not inherited

but coming from God.

2. “Having neither beginning of days nor end of

life, but made like the Son of God, remains a

priest continually”. This means that as a priest

he had no beginning of day, as the Levi priest

started their service at the age of 30, ‘nor end of

life’, and they used to end it at the age of 50. But

Melchizedek’s priesthood was not restricted to

this age, but he was made like the Son of Man,

remains priest continually, as the Psalm says

“The Lord has sworn and will not relent, you

are a priest forever according to the order of

Melchizedek” (Ps. 110:4)


He was the brother of Moses and the helper in all the

great miracles that took place in Egypt. God chose him

and his generation to be his priests. He was a priest for

the children of Israel for 40 years in the wilderness. The

church celebrates his commemoration on 1 Baramudah.


Zacharias is a Hebrew name which means ‘the mention

of God”. He is the father of St. John the Baptist, fromthe generation of Aaron the priest. The Holy Bible

witnesses for him and Elizabeth his wife “And they were

both righteous before God, walking in all the

commandments and ordinances of the Lord blameless.”

(Luke 1: 6)

When the angel announced the birth of St. John the

Baptist to Zacharias while offering incense in the altar,

he did not believe, and he was mute till the birth of St.

John (Luke 1: 57-79)

When King Herod ordered to kill all the children 2 years

and under, Zacharias put John on the altar, where an

angel came and took him to the wilderness, so the

soldiers killed Zacharias after they couldn’t find the baby


The church celebrates his commemoration on 8 Tut.


A Hebrew name which means listener or obedient. He is

Simeon the elder, one of the 70 elders whom the

Egyptian king Patlimous Philadelphus ordered to

translate the Old Testament. When he was translating

Prophet Isaiah’s book where it says “Therefore the Lord

Himself will give you a sign: Behold, the virgin shall

conceive and bear a Son, and shall call His name

Immanuel”. (Is. 7:14), he didn’t want to write ‘the virgin

shall conceive’ lest the king would mock him, so every

time he tried to change it and write ‘the girl’ or ‘the

woman’ something stopped him.

On the spot, he fell into slumber where he heard in a

vision a voice telling him “you would not see death

before you see Immanuel born of a Virgin”, and it was


Simeon lived for 300 years till the birth of Lord Jesus,

“And behold, there was a man in Jerusalem whose

name was Simeon, and this man was just and devout,

waiting for the consolation of Israel, and the Holy

Spirit was upon him. And it had been revealed to him

by the Holy Spirit that he would not see death before he

had seen the Lord Christ. So he came by the Spirit into

the temple. And when the parents brought in the Child

Jesus, to do for Him according to the custom of the law,

he took Him up in his arms and blessed God and said:

‘Lord, now You are letting Your servant depart in

peace, according to Your word; for my eyes have seen

Your salvation which you have prepared before the face

of all peoples, a light to bring revelation to the Gentiles,

and the glory of Your people Israel.” (Luke 2:25-32)

He blessed St. Mary and St. Joseph, and prophesised

about Jesus’ service during His Incarnation “(yes, a

sword will pierce through your own soul also), that the

thoughts of many hearts may be revealed”. (Luke 23:5)

The church celebrates his commemoration on 8 Amsheer.

􀂙 [Pray for the Lord on our behalf, O choirs of

the Prophets and all the righteous and the just,

that He may forgive us our sins] The worshipper repeats his pleading to the Prophets and

righteous saints of the Old Testament, those whom he

mentioned, and the others whom he did not mention, like

Sheth, Noah, Abel the righteous…, also the heroes of

faith “who through faith subdued kingdoms, worked

righteousness, obtained promises, stopped the mouths

of lions, quenched the violence of fire, escaped the edge

of the sword, out of weakness were made strong,

became valiant in battle, turned to flight the armies of

the aliens.” (Heb. 11:33-34)

He asks them all to plead to the Lord on our behalf to

forgive us our sins.

􀂙 [Intercede on our behalf, O fore-runner and

Baptiser, John the Baptist that He may forgive us

our sins]


A Hebrew name which means “God have kindness”.

He is the great St. John the Baptist, who deserved to

baptise Lord Jesus in the Jordan River, he is the

conjunction between the Old and the New Testament, the

greatest of women born and the greatest Prophet, as Lord

Jesus Himself had witnessed for him. He is John the

Baptist, the son of Zachariah the Priest the son of

Berechiah, his mother was Elizabeth. He was brought

up in the wilderness of Jordan “And the Child grew and

became strong in spirit, filled with wisdom; and the

grace of God was upon Him”. (Luke 2:40)

He was brave in truth, and rebuked Herod when he

wanted to marry his sister-in-law (while his brother was

still alive), and the result was that he was beheaded

according to Herod’s orders.

His holy body, together with Prophet Elisha’s body are in

St. Makarious’ Monastery in Egypt.

The church celebrates his martyrdom on 2 Tut.

􀂙 [Intercede on our behalf the hundred and forty

four thousand, and the Celebate Evangelist, that

He may forgive us our sins]

The hundred and forty four celibate are mentioned in the

book of Revelation “Then I looked, and behold, a Lamb

standing on Mount Zion, and with Him one hundred

and forty-four thousand, having His Father’s name

written on their foreheads. And I heard a voice from

heaven, like the voice of many waters, and like the voice

of loud thunder. And I heard the sound of harpists

playing their harps. They sang as it were a new song

before the throne, before the four living creatures, and

the elders; and no one could learn that song except the

hundred and forty-four thousand who were redeemed

from the earth. These are the ones who were not

defiled with women, for they are virgins. These are the

ones who follow the Lamb wherever He goes. These

were redeemed from among men, being first fruits to

God and to the Lamb. And in their mouth as found no

deceit, for they are without fault before the throne of

God.” (Rev. 14:1-5)

These saints are crowned with all these virtues, so

definitely their intercessions on our behalf are accepted

before the Throne of Grace.

The Celebate Evangelist means St. John the Beloved

disciple, because he was a celibate, never got married.

The church celebrates his departure on 4 Tuba, also on 16



We notice that ‘The Commemoration of the Saints”

started with “Intercede on our behalf” for St. Mary and

the Heavenly hosts, then “Pray for us” for the Prophets,

then back to “Intercede on our behalf” for St. John the

Baptist, the 144,000 celibate and St. John the Celibate

Evangelist. The reason is that St. John the Baptist is

placed in this position according to historical events, he

is considered the conjunction between the Old and New

Testament. We ask for his intercession, exactly like the

intercession of St. Mary and the Heavenly hosts because

Jesus witnessed for him, “As they departed, Jesus began

to say to the multitudes concerning John: ‘What did

you go out into the wilderness to see? A reed shaken by

the wind? But what did you go out to see A prophet?

Yes, I say to you, and more than a prophet. For this is

he of whom it is written; ‘Behold, I send My messenger

before Your face, who will prepare Your way before

You’ Assuredly, I say to you, among those born of

women there has not risen one greater than John the

Baptist; but he who is least in the kingdom of heaven is

greater than he.” (Matt. 11:7-11)

The 144,000 are also the New Testament saints who

lived in purity and chastity, they are following God

everywhere in heaven.

􀂙 [Pray to the Lord on our behalf our masters

and fathers the Apostles, and the rest of the

disciples, that He may forgive us our sins]

􀂙 [The Twelve Apostles of our Saviour Lord


1. Peter: means ‘rock’, martyred on 5 Abib

2. Andrew: means ‘strong man’, martyred on 4


3. James: (the son of Zebedee) means ‘follower’,

martyred on 17 Baramudah

4. John: (the son of Zebedee) means ‘God have

kindness’ departed on 4 Tubah

5. Philip: means ‘the knight’, martyred on 18


6. Bartholomew: means ‘the son of the plougher’,

martyred on 1 Tut.

7. Matthew: means ‘the gift of God’, martyred on

12 Babah

8. Thomas: means ‘the son of the twins’,

martyred in 26 Bashans

9. James: son of Alphaeus, means ‘follower’,

martyred on 10 Amsheer.

10. Simeon: (the zealous) means ‘listener’,

martyred on 15 Bashans

11. Thaddaeus: means ‘compassionate”, martyred

2 Abib.

12. Matteus: “the gift of God’, was martyred on 8

Baramhat, who was chosen by the Apostles

replacing Judas the Betrayer.

The rest of the disciples include all those who believed in

Lord Jesus and followed Him, as written “Then Saul,

still breathing threats and murder against the disciples

of the Lord, went to the high priest”. (Acts 9:1) Those

people were called disciples until they had the new name

Christians “And when he had found him, he brought

him to Antioch. So it was that for a whole year they

assembled with the church and taught a great many

people. And the disciples were first called Christians in

Antioch.” (Acts 11:26)

May the blessings of their prayers be with us all. Amen.

􀂙 [Pray to the Lord on our behalf, O blessed

Archdeacon, Stephen the first martyr that He may

forgive us our sins]

Stephen: A Greek name, which means ‘crown’. He is

the first martyr in Christianity, one of the seven deacons

appointed by the Apostles (Acts 6), also “And Stephen

full of faith and power, did great wonders and signs

among the people”. (Acts 6:8) He was martyred when

the Jews stoned him till death outside Jerusalem “and

they cast him out of the city and stoned him. And the

witnesses laid down their clothes at the feet of a young

man names Saul. And they stoned Stephen as he was

calling on God and saying, ‘Lord Jesus, receive my

spirit’. Then he knelt down and cried out with a loud


voice, ‘Lord, do not charge them with this sin’. And

when he had said this, he fell asleep. (Acts 7:58-60)

Watching this scene, was the first seed of grace in Saul’s

spirit, which led him to Christianity.

The church commemorates his martyrdom on 15 Tut, and

the transfer of his holy body on 1 Tubah.

􀂙 [Pray to the Lord on our behalf O Beholder of

God the Evangelist, Mark the Apostle that He may

forgive us our sins]

Mark: A Latin name which means ‘hammer’. He is

John called Mark, the writer of the second Gospel, one of

the 70 disciples and the Preacher of the land of Egypt.

The Lord instituted the Last Supper in the Upper Room

in his house, he is called ‘the Beholder of God’. He was

martyred in Alexandria when the idolaters dragged him

through the streets, till his flesh was torn out his blood

splashed everywhere then they put him in prison where

the angel of the Lord appeared and strengthened him and

promised him the crown of martyrdom. Next morning

they did the same until he yielded his soul in the hands of

Lord Christ.

The church celebrates his martyrdom on 30 Baramudah,

also on 30 Babah it celebrates the discovery of his head

and the consecration of the first church on his name.

A new celebration was the arrival of his body from Rome

to Egypt in the year 1684 for the martyrs, corresponding

1968 A.D.

May the blessings of the prayers of St. Mark, the great

preacher of the land of Egypt be with us all. Amen.

􀀿 􀀿 􀀿

||    Pope Shenouda    ||    Father Matta    ||    Bishop Mattaous    ||    Fr. Tadros Malaty    ||    Bishop Moussa    ||    Bishop Alexander    ||    Habib Gerguis    ||    Bishop Angealos    ||    Metropolitan Bishoy    ||